What Do They Check During the Canada Immigration Medical Examination?

If you’re a young, fit, and skilled individual who can contribute to Canada’s economic growth, you can apply for a permanent or temporary resident visa. The Canadian government also provides refugees and international students opportunities to seek residency if they’re eligible. A part of the process is undergoing an immigration medical test.

Where to Get a Medical Exam?

For permanent resident visa applicants, their accompanying spouses, partners, and dependent children must also undergo the medical exam. Additionally, the test is mandatory for visitors, whether long-term or short-term.

You may get your medical test wherever you reside or even in another country you prefer. The most vital factor is that the physician conducting the exam is an approved panel physician. It means that they’re included in the list as designated panel doctors approved by the Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Keep in mind that they’re the only medical professionals who can conduct your examination and issue a Health Certificate.

You may visit this page for more details about the process.

Required Medical Exams to Immigrate to Canada

While your panel physician conducts the medical exam and issues a Health certificate, note that the final decision only relies on the Canadian immigration officers. In other words, they may see other reasons to deny your visa application even if you passed the medical test.

Click here if you’re in Thornhill, Canada, and on the hunt for an approved panel physician. Meanwhile, here’s a list of the required medical exams:

1. Physical Exam

  • Eyes
  • Nose
  • Heart
  • Lungs
  • Other functional organs

2. Blood Tests

A blood test is an important diagnostic test to determine diseases that affect your overall health. To enter Canada, you should not have major diseases and disorders, including:

  • Active Tuberculosis (TB)
  • HIV
  • Syphilis

3. Chest X-Rays

In general, a chest x-ray can detect cancer, heat-related lung problems, and other chronic lung complications. If you’re pregnant, the panel doctor avoids this test, but you should undergo a few tests after giving birth, along with your newborn, to continue your visa application. That’s why it’s best to find a panel doctor near you for your convenience, like this Immigration Medical Scarborough clinic, if you’re nearby. 

4. Urine Tests

They will do a thorough urine sample examination to find medical issues, such as diabetes. 

Note: You are considered inadmissible to Canada if you suffer from medical conditions, diseases, or psychiatric conditions, requiring hospitalization and continued medical care.

Other Important FAQs 

What Is the Validity of My Medical Exam?

After your medical test, your panel doctor will issue a Health Certificate valid for 12 months or one year. Make sure to apply for a visa within this period to avoid repeating the process. 

What If I Fail the Medical Exam?

Canada’s immigration officers may deny your visa application based on your medical examination result. Possible reasons for medical inadmissibility include:

  • Danger to public safety
  • Danger to public health
  • Excessive health or social services demand

The excessive demand for medical inadmissibility rule doesn’t apply to refugees and their dependents, protected people, and individuals sponsored by their family (dependent children, spouses, partners).

You will receive a letter if the immigration officers believe you are medically inadmissible. It is called a procedural fairness letter that allows you to respond and change their decision. In this case, it’s best to seek advice from immigration legal experts (but it’s not required).

For example, you may submit more information and evidence on your health condition or medical diagnosis. It can include a treatment you recently received to cure or improve your current health condition. Another could be a medication or service you need, wherein your doctor has changed your medicines. Or perhaps, a proof that your treatment won’t cost the government too much money because your physician switched your prescription to a lower cost. 

Make sure to send this additional important information within 90 days from the date of the procedural letter. You may contact Canada immigration to request an extension if you can’t respond by that date. You can see their contact details in the letter they sent you, so it must not be hard to reach out to them.



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